Safeguarding miners against toxic smoke and oxygen-deficient atmosphere is vital for protecting underground workers. Manufactured by Afrox, the AfroxPac 35i is a closed-circuit, chemical oxygen generating, body-worn emergency breathing device primarily used for escaping toxic atmosphere in mines. The self-contained self-rescuers are collectively carried by underground miners in Africa for more than 1,5 million hours each day, delivering life-saving oxygen in an emergency.

Peter Rowlands, Business Manager Afrox Self-Rescue Division, says that the division is ISO9001 and ISO14001 compliant, and maintains an ethos of “A life depends on it” which dominates every aspect of manufacture from production right through to post-production support. Accordingly, the division’s move to new facilities on the Afrox Germiston Campus in 2017 was expected to deliver results, especially from the all-new ‘dry-room’ chamber where the breathing apparatus – the heart of the AfroxPac 35i – is assembled under strict, climatically controlled, moisture-free conditions.

                  A miner equipped with the AfroxPac 35i.

Two years on, batch testing results on new AfroxPacs, performed independently by the Accredited Testing Authority (CSIR), have realised the benefits of the Afrox investment, providing simulated breathing durations that are consistently above 35 minutes. This provides a significant margin of safety compared to the rated duration of 30 minutes.

“Considering the exposure to harsh conditions of use over many years in our customers’ mining environments, this provides the assurance that their escape strategies can be planned according to the rated breathing duration of the AfroxPac 35i,” says Rowlands.

The climate-controlled dry room, essential for handling moisture-sensitive chemicals, has advanced instrument control and improved ergonomics, allowing for improved material flow and regulation and better production and consistency in the quality of the self-rescuer.

“The AfroxPac 35i is ideal for tough African mining conditions in that it complies with the demanding SANS1737:2008 standard for self-rescuers, having the added dimension of accelerated durability testing which does not feature in other international standards. This makes the compliance testing process one of the toughest in the world for self-contained self-rescuer (SCSR) standards,” says Rowlands.

The AfroxPac 35i was first launched in 2012 and replaced the original AfroxPac 35, with significant advances including improved long-term breathing performance and heat resistance, increased protection of high-wearing points on the external protective casing, and the inclusion of an internal seal adding an extra barrier to moisture ingress while providing for improved chemical containment.

Currently, AfroxPacs comprise more than 60 % of the South African self-rescuer market and are represented in significant quantities across virtually all the hard-rock and many coal underground mining operations.

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Crown Publications, one of South Africa’s largest business-to-business publishing houses, came into existence in 1986. Since then, the company has grown from producing a single magazine, Electricity SA (renamed Electricity+Control), to publishing six monthly magazines, three quarterlies, and a number of engineering handbooks.

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